- Reading the Text:
- NRSV (with link to Anglicized NRSV) at Oremus Bible Browser.
- Greek Interlinear Bible, ScrTR, ScrTR t, Strong, Parsing, CGTS, CGES id, AV.
- The Bible Gateway: NRSV, RSV, NIV, NASB, CEV, The Message, KJV, etc.
- The Blue Letter Bible. KJV, alternate versions, Greek text with concordance, commentaries.
- The World Wide Study Bible includes commentary, exposition and sermons.
- Historical References, Commentary and
- Comparative texts about Baptism: Water & Spirit from DSS, Josephus, Babylonian Talmud. At (Rutgers University Dept of Religion) Mahlon H. Smith's Into His Own: Perspective on the World of Jesus companion to the historical study of Christian texts.
- Chapter I, Exhortation to the Greeks, Clement of Alexandria (c 200)
- Chapter I, On Modesty, Tertullian (c. 217)
- I.LXIV, Against Celsus, Origen. (c.246)
- Epistle LXXIII (To Pompey, against the Epistle of Stephen about the Baptism of Heretics) -- Cyprian of Carthage (c. 256)
- From the Geneva Notes.
- "Literally, "of works which are done in righteousness"."
- "As forgiveness is through a perfect righteousness, and satisfaction is made to justice by Christ, it cannot be merited by the sinner himself."
- "The effects [of redemption]; which are: Justification; "being justified," pardoned and accepted through the alone merits of Christ, not from any desert in us, but according to his own mercy, "by his grace," his free, unmerited goodness...Sanctification, expressed by the laver of regeneration, (that is, baptism, the thing signified, as well as the outward sign,) and the renewal of the Holy Ghost; which purifies the soul, as water cleanses the body, and renews it in the whole image of God."
- From the
Commentary on the Whole Bible
(Jamieson, Fausset and Brown, 1871).
- "Faith is presupposed as the instrument of our being "saved"; our being so, then, is spoken of as an accomplished fact. Faith is not mentioned, but only God's part. as Paul's object here is not to describe man's new state, but the saving agency of God in bringing about that state, independent of all merit on the man's part (see on Tit 3:4)."
- From The People's
New Testament, B.W. Johnson, 1891.
- "Our sins all forgiven, that through God's grace, we might be accepted as his children."
- Contemporary Commentary, Studies and Exegesis:
Titus 3:4-7, Erik Heen, Preaching This Week, WorkingPreacher.org, 2013.
- "The one made new by the 'bath' in Christ is, then, also pulled into the ongoing work of Christ in the Kingdom of God. The two cannot be separated. The common element -- the Holy Spirit -- is the eschatological gift that leverages the new age by means of the incarnate Body of Christ and confirms the incorporation of the individual into that body through the waters of baptism."
Titus 3:4-7, Elisabeth Johnson, Preaching This Week, WorkingPreacher.org, 2011.
- "Titus 3:4-7 is the second theological gem of this letter, along with 2:11-14."
Thoughts on Passages on Year B Epistle Passages in the Lectionary," Christmas Day 1, William Loader, Murdoch University, Uniting
Church in Australia.
- "It is helpful that here we find big concepts like justification and righteousness connected so closely to goodness, 'philanthropy' (love!) and compassion."
Titus 3:4-7, Michael Joseph Brown, Preaching This Week, WorkingPreacher.org, 2008.
- "The power of traditions is that they are not static. Each experience is both familiar and new. Traditions provide us with an opportunity to further define (or even redefine!) who we are."
Thoughts on Passages on Year A Epistle Passages in the Lectionary,"
Christmas Day, William
Loader, Murdoch University, Uniting Church in Australia.
- "Religion can be as much a distraction as conformity to the Saviour, Son of God, Emperor, who claims to have brought peace on earth."
- "Saved by His Love," Rev. Bryan Findlayson, Lectionary Bible Studies and Sermons, Pumpkin Cottage Ministry Resources. Includes detailed textual notes.
- Commentary, Titus 3:4-7, Erik Heen, Preaching This Week, WorkingPreacher.org, 2013.
- Articles & Background:
- Recommended articles from ATLAS, an online collection of religion and theology journals, are linked below. ATLAS Access options are available for academic institutions, alumni of selected theological schools, and clergy/church offices.
- With Children:
- "Heirs of Grace," children's study, puzzles, coloring sheet, etc. Higher Praise Christian Center.
- Graphics & Bulletin Materials:
- Images for this week's readings, Titus, Pitts Theology Library Digital Image Archive.
- Hymns and Music:
- Fine Arts Images Linked at The Text This Week's Art Index:
- Study Links and Resources for the Book of Titus